This article in the New Yorker discusses research on the shortcomings of our ability to think rationally based on facts. Biased towards our own perspective, we struggle to take the perspectives of others and believe we know much more than we actually do. The article suggests that many who express strong political opinions base their ideas on fairly shallow information and have little ability to explain the rationale behind their thoughts. For these reasons, providing people with facts often does not change their minds.
Read more at: https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/02/27/why-facts-dont-change-our-minds